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What You Need to Know About Off-Roading

If you want to bring your Land Rover Defender off-road for the first time, you likely won't have a complete understanding of how it goes, what you need, what your vehicle can do, and how the other features of your Land Rover work. Continue reading to better understand what off-roading is.

4x4 High vs. Low

4x4 High and Low or 4WD High and Low means the gear ratio of your 4-wheel drive. For everyday driving, it’s high because you can get high speed. It’s recommended to maintain your balance on trails. You can opt for 4x4 Low if you require torque. Although this is a slower speed, this is recommended if you get stuck or for rock crawling.

Locking Differential

A locking differential or diff lock controls the turning speed of wheels. Depending on the terrain, they turn at various speeds. Adjustments are automatically made by your car’s computer. Unlike older locks with manual locks, recent models only require the pushing of buttons for locker activation. Then, the wheels turn using the same speed. This is crucial if you get stuck.

Traction Control

Your vehicle likely has traction control through a simple on/off setting or more complicated settings for various terrains. It can help with the wheel slipping.


Here are some off-road essentials you should bring with you:

· First-aid kit

· Phone and two-way radio for your companions

· A spare tire

· Additional water for your radiator

· Fire extinguishers

· Equipment for your car

· Tow rope (rated for the weight of your vehicle)

· A portable air compressor

· A full gas tank (a Jerry can with additional fuel for emergency)

· Tools to change tires.

· A shovel

· A high-lift jack


There are special tires for different terrains. For instance, if you're off-road in the mud, it’s best to have Copper tires since their traction is made for taking on rocks even when wet. If the ground is dry, good tires and familiarization with the route are what you need. Advanced planning and research are what you need so that you know the adventure you want. Trails for off-road are commonly located at national parks and in the state.

Tires that can handle slick surfaces are ideal if the place you’re going to is muddy. In case you get stuck, what you need to do is to lower your tire pressure to 20 psi to gain more traction. Stop the traction control, place your vehicle in 4x4 High, and pick a higher gear.


If you’re going to dunes, you put your vehicle in 4x4 Low. You adjust it to 4x4 High if you get stuck, similar to getting stuck in the mud. To have the ideal momentum, you need to maximize horsepower.

Here are other considerations you need to remember:

● Place your thumb outside the steering wheel.

● Use your left foot for a break to achieve better time and apply equal power.

● Stay relaxed and don’t panic.


If you think you’re ready for a new level of off-roading, you can join an event or try mudding. What is important is that you research before taking part in any of these, prioritize safety, and enjoy.


Finally, you have a basic understanding of off-roading. Ice, rocks, sand, mud, and other terrains need different navigation techniques. That’s why it’s always best to research first if you’re not knowledgeable about what you need to do in different situations.

Aside from educating yourself about off-roading, you need to ensure that your off-road vehicle works well. Dirt Monkey Offroad can do this for you. They’ve built a good reputation for giving better protection to 4x4 vehicles. Visit our website to learn more about our 4x4 services and products.

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